asphalt binder density

How much does density matter? | Asphalt magazine

The normal target in-place density on a “dense” hot-mix asphalt pavement is 92 to 93 percent of Gmm (or 7 to 8 percent air voids). If a pavement has low density (usually defined as less than 92 percent of Gmm), the air voids are interconnected and premature pavement distresses can result.

Asphalt Binder Basics - North Dakota Local Technical ...

asphalt (HMA) constructed in 1870’s ―Pennsylvania Ave. ―Used naturally occurring asphalt from surface of lake on Island of Trinidad 3

Standard Test Method for Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt ...

Note 1: An alternate method for determining the density of asphalt binder is Test Method D3289. For materials which are too fluid for use of this test method, use Test Method D3142/D3142M . Note 2: This test method may also be used for the determination of the relative density and density of soft tar pitches.

Asphalt Mixtures Calculator - Vulcan Materials Company

Asphalt Mixtures Enter the width, length and thickness, then hit the “Calculate” button to calculate your estimate. You may also revise the default density value of 145 lbs/cubic ft. Actual densities may vary depending on the components of the mix.

What is the density of asphalt paving? - Quora

May 24, 2019 · Asphalt (most commonly used in the form of HMA - Hot Mix Asphalt) is made using crushed stone aggregates, and bitumen as the binder, and in some mixes fillers are also added. The density varies considerably depending on the mix design of the asphalt.

How many cubic meters of asphalt are in 1 ton?Aug 14, 2019What is the unit weight of asphalt? How do you figure out ...Mar 07, 2019What's the density of bitumen?Jul 31, 2018See more results

Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity - Pavement Interactive

Typical values for theoretical maximum specific gravity range from approximately 2.400 to 2.700 depending on the aggregate specific gravity and asphalt binder content. Unusually light or heavy aggregates may result in a value outside this typical range.

Marshall Mix Design - Pavement Interactive

Asphalt binder content vs. density. Density will generally increase with increasing asphalt content, reach a maximum, then decrease. Peak density usually occurs at a higher asphalt binder content than peak stability. Asphalt binder content vs. Marshall stability. This should follow one of two trends:

Asphalt Pavement Thickness and Mix Design - Asphalt ...

The maximum unit weight is also sometimes called the “solid density”. This value is based on the asphalt mixture’s maximum specific gravity – also known as the Rice value or G mm in Superpave. The maximum unit weight is determined by multiplying the Rice value by 62.4 pounds per cubic foot (PCF).

How to Determine Quantities - Asphalt Pavement

Area C is a rectangle 20' × 120' = 2,400 sq.ft. Area D is a circle 70 2 ÷ 4 × 3.14 = (70 × 70) ÷ 4 × 3.14 = 3,846.5 sq.ft. To determine the total area of paving all we have left to do is add the areas together with one exception, the islands in the middle of the parking area.

HOT MIX ASPHALT PAVEMENT DESIGN GUIDE

HOT MIX ASPHALT PAVEMENT DESIGN GUIDE The Maryland Asphalt Association,Inc. Requirements for Successful Asphalt ... dry weight density as determined by AASHTO Designation T-18O,Method C or D as applicable. (Note:There are areas in ... Aggregate Size Binder …

Reviewing asphalt test results | Asphalt magazine

2. binder (which has a lower specific gravity, usually somewhere around 1.02), and. 3. air (which has a specific gravity of zero). As the percentage of air voids and/or binder changes in an asphalt mix, the relative contribution of each component changes the total mix specific gravity.

Appendix A: Processing Asphalt Binder Viscosity Data ...

The plateau region in figure 79 is based on arguments that are, in turn, based on the chemical structure of asphalt binder and suggest that the maximum viscosity for asphalt binder is 2.7 x 10 12 cP (0.0027 x 10 12 …

Extend Asphalt Serviceability with a High Density Mineral ...

Extend Asphalt Serviceability with a High Density Mineral Bond Surface Treatment The Most Cost-Effective Strategy for Managing Asphalt Pavement HA5® was developed to meet the demand for effective asphalt preservation on residential roadways without the …

SUBJECT: HOT MIX ASPHALT (HMA) MIXTURE DESIGN …

Density of Asphalt Mixture Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor. 27. AASHTO T 316 - Standard Method of Test for Viscosity Determination of Asphalt Binder Using Rotational Viscometer. 28. ASTM D 4791 - Standard Test Method for Flat Particles, Elongated Particles, or Flat and Elongated Particles in Coarse Aggregate.

Density of Concrete, Asphalt in 285 units and reference ...

Concrete, Asphalt weighs 2.243 gram per cubic centimeter or 2 243 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. density of , Asphalt is equal to 2 243 kg/m³. In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 140 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 1.297 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] .

5 Gal. Asphalt Bonding Agent SS-1H Tack Coat-1220 - The ...

Overview

What is the density of asphalt pavement - Answers

Apr 23, 2009 · The volume is 2 359,737 216 cm3. The mass of the asphalt is depending on the density (M = V x d). Each grade of asphalt (bitumen) has a different density and can contain different additives; also the density is dependent on temperature. Generally the density is approx.

Asphalt Calculator - How much asphalt do you need?

Example

HMA Pavement Mix Type Selection Guide

HMA Pavement Mix Type Selection Guide Introduction Background Our nation’s roadway system is critical to our economy. Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) pavements consti-tute a large part of our nation's surfaced roads. HMA pavements serve in a multitude of traffic and environ-mental conditions, demanding that the materials and

Hot Mix Asphalts 101 - New Jersey

– Naturally increase asphalt content and asphalt film thickness (providing an increase in durability) – High asphalt binder viscosity prevents bleeding, flushing and drain-down – Asphalt enhancement due to rubber increases both the high and low temperature performance – Limited research has …

Asphalt Pavement Construction - Asphalt InstituteAsphalt ...

When 16 to 25% RAP is used: “The selected binder grade for the new asphalt is one grade lower for both the high and low temperature stiffness than the binder grade required for a virgin asphalt. For example, if the specified binder grade for the virgin mix is a PG 64-22, the required grade for the recycled mix would be a PG 58-28”.

Properties Considered in Mix Design Superpave Mix …

of Hot Mix Asphalt BULK SPECIFIC GRAVITY OR DENSITY The density of the compacted mix is the unit weight of the mixture (the weight of a specific volume of HMA). Density is important because proper density in the finished product is essential for lasting pavement performance. Mix properties are required to be measured in volumetric terms as well as

[DOC]

SUPERPAVE ASPHALT CONCRETE

 · Web view

If the percentage of asphalt binder deviates from the optimum asphalt binder content by more than 0.55%, or the percentage passing any sieve falls outside the limits in Table 334-13, immediately resample the mix and test to validate the previous test result, and if needed, make the necessary correction.

[DOC]

Hot-Mix Asphalt Mixture IL-9.5FG

 · Web view

HOT-MIX ASPHALT MIXTURE IL-9.5FG (CBM) Effective: July 1, 2005. Revised: May 10, 2019. Description. This work shall consist of constructing fine graded hot-mix asphalt (HMA) surface course or leveling binder with an IL-9.5FG mixture.

Hot Mix Asphalt

Develops and maintains statewide Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) related policies, procedures and specifications for directing implementation of the statewide HMA mixtures program. Inspects and approves hot mix asphalt plants, maintains approved lists for truck bed release agents, warm mix technologies, and reclaimed asphalt shingle processing facilities.

Materials Testing Manual | ADOT

Preparing and Determining the Density of Asphalt Mixture Specimens by Means of Superpave Gyratory Compactor Note: It shall be assured that the appropriate test methods as given in the project requirements are being adhered to.

Pavement Manual: Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement Mixtures

Anchor: #i1013899 Section 6: Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement Mixtures Anchor: #i1013905 6.1 General. Hot-mix asphalt (HMA) is a generic term that includes many different types of mixtures of aggregate and asphalt cement (binder) produced at elevated temperatures (generally between 300-350ºF) in an asphalt

Experimental and Computational Investigations of High ...

of asphalt mixtures. The computational model was anchored by a fluid dynamics-discrete element model, which is capable of capturing the motion of aggregates in the viscous binder. The model was then calibrated and validated by a series of experiments, which included rheological tests of the binder and a compaction test of the mixture.

Asphalt Binder - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The asphalt binder, sometimes referred to as the asphalt cement binder or the asphalt cement, is an essential component of asphalt —it is as the name implies the cement that holds the aggregate together. The asphalt binder is a co-product of the petroleum-refining system that produces gasoline, diesel fuel, lubricating oil, as well as several other petroleum products.

Extend Asphalt Serviceability with a High Density Mineral ...

Extend Asphalt Serviceability with a High Density Mineral Bond Surface Treatment The Most Cost-Effective Strategy for Managing Asphalt Pavement HA5® was developed to meet the demand for effective asphalt preservation on residential roadways without the …

Accurate Density Determination of Asphalt

Asphalt density (weight of material per volume) is one of the most important parameters used in calculations to determine the quality and quantity of asphalt needed to pave roads. To calculate the weight of material needed for a project awareness of the compacted density of the material is essential 5 .

What is the density of asphalt cement - Answers

Mar 13, 2016 · the bitumen binder is about the same as water (at 20 Celsius) with 6% binder asphalt cement is 2.423 that of water. ... The answer requires the average thickness and density of the asphalt.

Correction Factors for Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) …

Asphalt binder content results may be affected by the type of virgin aggregate and RAP material in the mixture and the ignition furnace. Therefore, asphalt binder and aggregate correction factors must be established by testing a set of correction factor specimens for the job mix formula (JMF)

What is the density of asphalt wearing course? - Answers

Mar 22, 2012 · depends on the density. Asphalt density is typically between 2000 to 2400 kg/m³ 1 tonne = 1000kg per cm of thickness and 1m² of area: Tonnes=2200*1*.01/1000 Tonnes=0.022 Therefore if …

Basic Asphalt Materials Mixture Design and Testing

Measures penetration (as in penetration grading) but also measures an asphalt binder's viscosity at 60°C and 135°C. Testing can be done on virgin (AC) or aged (AR) asphalt binder. Grades are listed in poises (cm-g-s = dyne-second/cm2) or poises divided by 10.

» VDOT Mixes & Guidelines

The asphalt binder type ESAL (Equivalent Single Axle load) range is based on an expected service life and is used in conjunction with the mix type’s nominal maximum aggregate size in this guide. Traffic speed, vehicle types, and volume should also be considered in the selection of a mix type.

How to Calculate Asphalt Tonnage | Hunker

Consult the asphalt manufacturers if you do not know the weight density of the asphalt. In the example, use a typical weight density of 145 pounds per cubic foot. Now you have 145 pounds per cubic foot times 43.7 cubic feet, which equals 6,336.5 pounds.

STANDARD CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS FOR …

AASHTO M-226 Viscosity Graded Asphalt Cement - Table Three (3) AASHTO M-320 Standard Specifications for Performance-Graded Asphalt Binder AASHTO T-30 Test for Mechanical Analysis of Extracted Aggregate AASHTO T-43 Test for Specific Gravity of Bituminous Materials AASHTO T-85 Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate

DENSITY OF ASPHALT CONCRETE - HOW MUCH IS …

E. R. Brown. ABSTRACT. Density is one of the most important parameters in construction of asphalt mixtures.A mixture that is properly designed and compacted will contain enough air voids to prevent rutting due to plastic flow but low enough air voids to prevent permeability of air and water.

What's the density of bitumen? - Quora

Aug 01, 2018 · The primary use (70%) of bitumen is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles to create asphalt . Its other main uses are for bituminous waterproofing products, including production of roofing felt and for sealing flat roofs. The density of bitumen is approx.

Pavement Manual: Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement Mixtures

Hot-mix asphalt (HMA) is a generic term that includes many different types of mixtures of aggregate and asphalt cement (binder) produced at elevated temperatures (generally between 300 …

Materials Testing Manual | ADOT

Preparing and Determining the Density of Asphalt Mixture Specimens by Means of Superpave Gyratory Compactor Note: It shall be assured that the appropriate test methods as given in the project requirements are being adhered to.

Evaluation of the Properties of Rubberized Asphalt …

Evaluation of the Properties of Rubberized Asphalt Binders and Mixtures . is approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of . Doctor of Philosophy – Civil and Environmental Engineering Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Construction . Moses Karakouzian, Ph.D. Kathryn Hausbeck Korgan, Ph.D.

Asphalt Mix Design - foundationperformance

• Binder Content • Lab-Molded Density / Air Voids ... •Asphalt Content versus Density, VMA, G a, and G r . Mix Composition The rule of thumb would be to never allow a different material or different source to be used than what is on the mix design. You need to know if your local agency

Standard Test Method for Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt ...

Note 1: An alternate method for determining the density of asphalt binder is Test Method D3289. For materials which are too fluid for use of this test method, use Test Method D3142/D3142M . 1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard.

CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATION FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT

75 μm sieve, asphalt cement content, air voids, or compaction. Binder Course means a hot mix asphalt (HMA) course between a surface course and either a base course or stabilized base course, an existing pavement, or another HMA binder course. CCIL means the Canadian Council of …

Frequently Asked Questions - Asphalt Engineering

FAQs. Frequently Asked Questions. ... The Top coat, or finish, typically contains 3/8″ stone and is known for the smoother finish which is applied over the binder coat. HOW THICK DO YOU LAY THE ASPHALT? Asphalt thickness is engineered at the time of your estimate. Asphalt Engineering uses a standard platform for residential paving of 1.5 ...

Three Hot Mix Asphalt Types

Jan 14, 2019 · Due to the process of production, this asphalt mix is more expensive than regular dense-graded mixes. Its design is based on higher asphalt content, modified asphalt binder, and fibers. This asphalt type has been used since the 1980s and can be used in …

VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS OF HMA MIXTURES

Volumetric Analysis of HMA Mixtures 48 - Classroom Exercise 1 - • Effective Specific Gravity of Aggregate -G se G mm G b 100-P b 100 P b Where: P b = percent asphalt binder by total mass of mixture G mm = Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity of mixture G b = Specific Gravity of asphalt binder Based on the information given: P b = % G mm = G b ...

Standard Test Method for Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt ...

This test method covers the determination of the relative density and density of semi-solid asphalt binder by use of a pycnometer. NOTE 1-An alternate method for determining the density of asphalt binder is Test Method D3289. For materials which are too fluid for use of this test method, use Test Method D3142/D3142M.

Experimental and Computational Investigations of High ...

of asphalt mixtures. The computational model was anchored by a fluid dynamics-discrete element model, which is capable of capturing the motion of aggregates in the viscous binder. The model was then calibrated and validated by a series of experiments, which included rheological tests of the binder and a compaction test of the mixture.

Asphalt Testing Equipment - Gilson Co.

Gilson's asphalt testing equipment offers an extensive selection of products for testing asphalt binder, hot-mix asphalt aggregates and pavement quality using both Marshall and Superpave design methods. Asphalt Mix Design is the process of designing a complete paving mixture to meet the needs of a specific project. By using popular methods such ...

Concrete, Asphalt volume to weight conversion

Concrete, Asphalt weighs 2.243 gram per cubic centimeter or 2 243 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. density of , Asphalt is equal to 2 243 kg/m³. In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 140 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 1.297 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] .

Hot Mix Asphalt | Asphalt Calculator | Calculate Aggregate ...

The asphalt binder is typically 5-6% of the mixture, and serves to bind the aggregates together. Asphalt binder is a petroleum derivative, though additional materials are often added to modify the properties of the binder. Pike also produces specialty products like Warm Mix Asphalt …

Category:450 Bituminous Pavement Design - Engineering ...

Use of any other PG asphalt binder must be approved by the State Construction and Materials Engineer. If a higher type PG asphalt binder is warranted, it shall be used in the surface mixture and the first lift of the underlying mixture. 450.2 Mix Selection. The following table should be used as a guide in selecting the appropriate asphalt mix.

SECTION 23 ASPHALT CONCRETE TABLE OF …

23-3.02 Binders The asphalt binder grade must comply with Section 92, “Asphalts” of the State Specifications and the following: Type of AC and Use PG Grade Binder Conventional dense graded AC used on on-ramps, off-ramps, arterial streets and thoroughfare streets 64-10

WSDOT SOP 7321

T 209 Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Hot Mix Asphalt Paving Mixtures T 228 Specific Gravity of Semi-Solid Bituminous Materials R 76 Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size ... 6.1 The asphalt binder grade will be indicated in WSDOT Contract Plans.

Compaction | Washington Asphalt Pavement Association

The expression of density is easy to convert to air voids because any volume that is not asphalt binder or aggregate is assumed to be air. For example, a density reported as 93 percent Rice means that there are 7 percent air voids (100% – 93% = 7%). Percentage of a laboratory-determined density. The laboratory density is usually a density ...