Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline

Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline ...

Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline World scale deposits of oil sands (bitumen) in Northern Alberta, Canada are being developed to extract hydrocarbons from the sand using surface mining processes and new techniques such us Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) or “SagDee” as it is commonly referred to in the industry.

Author: Carlos Pardo, Ralph Dickau

Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline

This paper describes the special facilities and controls that were designed to move high viscosity heated bitumen from this remotely operated pump station. Extended loss of heat to the pump station...

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS IN HEATED BITUMEN PIPELINE …

facility was built to pump raw heavy tar-like bitumen in a heated state through an insulated and buried long distance pipeline in order to determine technological and economic viability. This paper describes the special considerations in the selection, design, installation, and control of pipeline pumps to transport high viscosity heated bitumen.

Hydrotransport Explained | Oil Sands Magazine

As the slurry travels down the Hydrotransport pipeline at relatively high velocities (normally 3 to 5 meters per second), the large pumps and turbulent flow in the pipeline impart a serious amount of mechanical shear onto the slurry, breaking down the lumps and liberating the bitumen.

Bitumen Heating - Wattco

The hot thermal fluid heats up the coils, which in turn, heat up the bitumen stored in the tank. Direct Heating Bitumen Tanks: The direct heating bitumen tanks use a burner at the end of the tank to heat up fire tubes, running through the tank. These tubes, when heated up, transfer heat to the surrounding bitumen. Electrical Heat Operated Tanks:

Refineries and the Various Immersion Heaters Needs - Wattco

In an oil refinery, the crude oil needs to be heated before it can undergo the process of fractional distillation. For the crude oil to flow to the furnace smoothly and rapidly, the oil needs to be made less viscous. This is done using immersion heaters.

Pipelines

TransCanada cancelled the proposed Energy East project in 2017 citing regulatory obstacles. This pipeline would have carried more than 158.9 10 3 m 3 /d (1.00 10 6 bbl/d) of crude oil and crude bitumen blended with diluent from Hardisty, Alberta, to Saint John, New Brunswick.

Northern Courier Pipeline Project | Allnorth – Engineering ...

The Northern Courier Pipeline Project (NCP) will transport heated bitumen from the bitumen extraction facility at the Fort Hills Mine (Fort Hills) to the Suncor Voyageur East Tank Farm (ETF). This requires a new tank terminal and bitumen pump station to be built near Fort Hills called NCP Fort Hills, plus a new diluent pump station near the East Tank Farm called NCP ETF.

Bitumen Upgrading Explained: From Diluted Bitumen to ...

Bitumen extracted from the oil sands is a heavy petroleum which contains a large fraction of complex long-chain hydrocarbon molecules. Depending on the extraction process used, the bitumen product can sometimes contains as much as 2% water and solids, which does not meet pipeline specifications for transportation over long distances.

Pipeline Control & Services – We Know The Pipeline Business

Jan 01, 2020 · Pipeline Field Services (Inspection, GIS mapping, Tool Tracking, Lifting Services, NORM and Tool Decontamination) Recent News. Pipeline Controls & Services, Inc. solidifies core business focus, restructures to concentrate on rapidly growing Corrosion Services Group. January 1, 2020. ILI. ILI. View our ILI Services.

Impedance Pipe Heating Tips | 2019-09-18 | Process Heating

Sep 18, 2019 · "Impedance pipe heating? Yeah, heard of it. Not really sure what it is though.” This response is heard too often when discussing available process pipe heating solutions. Impedance pipe heating is a long established and accepted — but poorly understood — pipe heating technology. While a simple, elegant way to heat a pipeline, impedance pipe heating technology often is viewed incorrectly ...

Industrial Heaters for Pipelines - Wattco

How to Keep Oil Pipeline Flowing. One of the audacious projects that connects US and Canada is found in the Keystone Pipeline Project stretching over 2,150 miles across the border, piercing through 3 Provinces and more than half a dozen states like Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas.

IPC02-27318 - MacKay River Pipeline

The MacKay River Pipeline is a 323.9 mm O.D. (NPS 12) insulated bitumen pipeline designed to move dry bitumen from the Petro-Canada MacKay River Production Facility to the Enbridge Athabasca Terminal, a distance of approximately 35 km (22 miles). At the Athabasca terminal the bitumen will be blended and transported on the Athabasca Pipeline to ...

Selecting the right onshore pipeline coating system - DNV GL

Selecting the right onshore pipeline coating system. ... DNV GL’s new Recommended Practice DNVGL-RP-F106 Factory applied external pipeline coatings for corrosion control provides a guideline to the specification and ... External corrosion is a threat to most equipment in every process facility and deserves closer analysis and prediction than ...

Circulation Heaters in the Pipeline Industry - Wattco

Immersion heaters are essential to industries that manufacture, process, or heat products like food, oil, water and chemicals. It is particularly valuable in the oil pipeline injury. Industrial immersion heaters consist of tubular heating elements immersed in the target medium.

High Temperature Pipeline Design | International Pipeline ...

High temperature operation is an alternative to the use of a diluent to reduce the viscosity of heavy oil or bitumen for pipeline transportation. This paper deals primarily with two fundamental design issues for a hot bitumen (hotbit) pipeline, modeling the restart problem and establishing the maximum practical operating temperature.

Author: John G. Greenslade, J. F. (Derick) Nixon, D. W. (Wes) Dyck

Strain Based Design Versus Preheat for Hotbit Pipelines ...

The first buried hot bitumen (hotbit) pipeline is now operating successfully in the Alberta oil sands north of Fort McMurray and more are on the way. These hotbit pipelines are designed to transport raw, undiluted bitumen to a central refining plant at temperatures up to 140°C.

Author: Graeme King, Ian Phiri, John Greenslade

BankTrack – Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion project (TMEP)

The Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion project, an expansion of the original Trans Mountain Pipeline (built in 1951), is a 1,150 km pipeline between Strathcona County, Alberta and Burnaby, BC. in Canada. The pipeline is the only West Coast link for Western Canadian oil.

The Evolution of Pipeline Coatings [Gas Exploration]KTA-Tator

Mar 01, 2016 · Epoxy applications for pipeline work are in the range of 20-to-35 mils. Once full cure is achieved, the epoxy product becomes a thermoset coating, meaning it is insoluble in solvents and will not soften when heated. However, when heated above 250 F, the coating will decompose (Table 1).

PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH INTERNATIONAL PIPELINE …

Pipeline with Zig-Zag Geometry - A Parametric Study Edgard Poiate Junior, Alvaro Maia da Costa, Claudio dos Santos Amaral, Renato Seixas Rocha, Giuseppe Barbosa Guimaraes and Pablo Furtado de Souza 399 IPC04-0171 Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline Carlos Fernando Pardo and Ralph Dickau 409 IPC04-0743 Full-Scale Tests of Cold ...

PIPELINES — Lanmark Engineering Inc.

16 km of 8” OD sour gas pipeline and 32 km of 3” glycol subsurface heat trace pipeline loop (design temperature 60 °C) Retrofitted three (3) compressors and relocated gas blending facilities; Designed and strategically installed line heaters along pipeline route 24” & 16” - …

TWA Article Pipeline Innovations Improve Operating ...

The operations control center will receive continual updates on the integrity of the insulation system via four moisture detection wires located within the foam and running the length of the pipeline. Using a heated bitumen pipeline significantly increases the amount of heat integration and reduces the number of associated upstream and ...

Pipelining Fengcheng Extra Heavy Oil Over Long ... - ASME

In this Block there is conventional heavy oil, extra heavy oil and bitumen in the shallow formation, which are extracted by CSS and SAGD operations. Now heavy oil output of Fengcheng Block exceeds 2 million tons annually, and in the near future the output will attain 4 million tons per year.

Author: Daoming Deng, Jiangang Sun, Xia Liu, Dechun Zeng, Yufei Wan

Laboratory scale modified bitumen plant type UMBL - …

5 – mixing mechanism, 6 – heat carrier heater, 7 – control cabinet, 8 – heat carrier pump,9 – bitumen pump, 10 – analogue thermometer (bitumen temperature), 11 – pipeline system, 12 – accessory storage locker. Unit components are secured to welded frame. Bitumen and modification components (polymer) into reactor 3 through hatch 4.

Laboratory and Numerical Simulations of Pipeline Leakage ...

Laboratory and Numerical Simulations of Pipeline Leakage Behaviour: Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Migration Through Porous Media and Subsequent Atmospheric Dispersion J. R. Brydie. ... Facilities and Controls in a Heated Bitumen Pipeline. IPC2004. High Temperature Pipeline Design.

Author: J. R. Brydie, S. Trottier, A. Jafari, Tania Rizwan, Marzie Derakhshesh

Plants and Facilities

Plants and Facilities

Bitumen Pipeline Design Considerations

The most commonly used technique for preheating of the pipeline is by air induction heater. It is specially designed and constructed to heat the hot bitumen pipeline to the required preheating temperature. The heater can preheat the pipeline for a span of 300-1,000 m …

Preheaters of Natural Gas - Wattco

Uses of Natural Gas

Bitumen Pipeline Design Considerations

The most commonly used technique for preheating of the pipeline is by air induction heater. It is specially designed and constructed to heat the hot bitumen pipeline to the required preheating temperature. The heater can preheat the pipeline for a span of 300-1,000 m …

Pipelines and Infrastructure

In limited cases, it may be transported through a heated pipeline. The two main types of diluent used to lower the viscosity of raw bitumen for transport in pipelines are. condensate and; upgraded bitumen. Naphtha, light crude oil, and butanes can also be used to get the bitumen to meet pipeline …

Corrosion Conditions in the Path of Bitumen from Well to ...

In the extraction plants, the oilsand is treated with hot water and is agitated, causing the oil to float as froth. The froth contains bitumen, water, and inorganic solids. Poor quality oilsand froths have lower oil contents and higher contents of water and solids. The froth is further treated to extract oil.

The UVB -1 productivity of 1 m3 per hour - GlobeCore

The unit is designed for operation at asphalt production facilities. It can be operated either outdoors under canopy or indoors. UVB-1 bitumen unit is semi-automatic, consists of several individual assemblies on a single frame and interconnected by pipelines.

Pipeline Operations - Desalination

operation of pipeline facilities. It covers specifically aspects of pipeline transporting range of products specifications from receipt to delivery locations including customer service/contract management to pipeline planning and controls, 1. Pipeline Operation Figure 1. North American Crude Oil (A) and Refined/Batched (B) Products Pipelines

(PDF) Heat Transfer and Energy Loss in Bitumen Batching ...

of power, and ca 60–65% of power is used to heat bitumen, e.g. deli vered by a bitumen tanker (Fig. 3b). The su mmary on the consum ed power sho ws that the base heating equipment of the third ...

The Bison Pipeline Project

Athabasca oil sand deposits are composed of about 70% sand and clay, 10% water and between 0-18% heavy oil, known as bitumen. Once separated from the sand, bitumen is a heavy, black, viscous (thick) petroleum not easily transported in a conventional pipeline.

An overview of storage and handling of asphalt | Asphalt ...

Permitting Bill Sparko of All States Asphalt is building a new asphalt storage facility in Massachusetts. He says the permitting process is critical—both from the local agency’s and fire marshal’s point of view. “In Massachusetts, the codes are different,” says Sparko.

Bitumen Bulk Storage and Distribution Facility Expansion ...

Quality Management and Control; Safety and Environment ... Select Page. Bitumen Bulk Storage and Distribution Facility Expansion for Shell Markets at Jebel Ali Free Zone ... external heat exchanger (plate and frame type) for PMB plant bitumen removal, hot oil system, and associated bitumen piping including heat tracing. The entire system will ...

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Pipelines and Hazard Mitigation for Emergency …

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The control center may also have the capability to open and close valves remotely and to transfer products both to and from the main pipeline at marketing and distribution facilities. The control center can also dispatch field personnel to address pipeline emergencies.

New operation strategies in heavy crude pipeline will ...

The crude oils can be heated differently at the beginning of the pipeline. Once the size of the heater is selected, the crude oils can be heated in the following manners: Scheme 1: Only heavy ...

Immersion Heaters and the Oil Pipeline Industry - Wattco

The uses of Immersion Heaters in the Oil Pipeline Industry North America is starting to see a growing need for oil pipelines. The Keystone XL project, which will transport oil sands from Canada and the northern United States down to the Gulf Coast to refineries, is a $5.3 billion project that is expected to transport hundreds of thousands of barrels of oil each day.

Testing equipment for the construction industry - CONTROLS

CONTROLS is the global leader in the production of Testing Equipment for the construction industry with more than 4.000 products in three business areas. Enter now!

APPENDIX B Potential Releases and Pipeline Safety

Keystone must develop and install a SCADA system to provide remote monitoring and control of the entire pipeline system. General, less prescriptive. Code Section 195.134 states that a leak detection system must comply, but does not directly state a SCADA system is required.

Bitumen processing: crude unit revamps

Most of the mined bitumen currently produced is being upgraded directly in Alberta. At the moment, bitumen supplied to the US is primarily derived from thermal recovery facilities. However, going forward, a significant portion of new bitumen supply may be sourced from mining production operations.

Nexen to shut Long Lake facility as it complies with ...

Sep 02, 2015 · The heated bitumen comes up a second well and is sent by pipeline to the upgrader. The leaking pipeline was transporting heated bitumen. Installed in 2014, it …

Warming and the Pipelines | Energy Central

Since 93.4% of the heat is going into the oceans, they commit us to an additional .74°C of warming in the future. Hansen suggests that 25 to 50 years are needed for Earth’s surface temperature to reach 60% of its equilibrium response to the heat in the pipeline. In Canada, the correlation between pipelines and the ocean is a tale unto itself.

PLAINS MIDSTREAM CANADA

PLAINS MIDSTREAM CANADA ... that is too heavy or thick to flow or be pumped without being diluted or heated. At 10 C (50 F), bitumen is as hard as a hockey puck. In order to transport bitumen, it is mixed with a diluent to make it flow ... that deliver product to processing facilities. Our largest single NGL pipeline is the Co-Ed NGL system, a

Review of The Properties and Behaviour of Diluted Bitumens

Review of The Properties and Behaviour of Diluted Bitumens ... oil pipeline specifications, the crude bitumen is diluted with a lighter hydrocarbon fluid to reduce its viscosity and improve flow ...

SAFELY TRANSPORTING CANADA’S LARGEST RESERVE …

The raw product in the oil sands is called bitumen, a form of dense oil that does not flow in its natural state. Processing is needed to separate sand and extract the bitumen oil. once this occurs, the crude oil resembles other heavy crudes transported by pipeline throughout the country. There are two ways the bitumen is processed.

Oil & Gas Industries | Industrial Info Resources

Industrial info provides timely market intelligence for the Oil & Gas Pipeline industry which is continually verified and updated. The Oil & Gas Pipeline Industry provides details on crude oil, refined products, natural gas and NGL pipelines and the associated pump or compressor stations.

Polaris Pipeline Expansion Project - Stantec

Sending bitumen from Point A, Alberta’s oil sands, to Point B, oil refineries, is a simple concept but a complex practice. That’s why the Polaris Pipeline Expansion Project is being completed in several phases. We’ll be there for the duration, handling engineering, procurement, and …

LONG PIPELINE HEATING - nventthermal

Industrial longline heating is necessary to heat long pipelines, like transfer lines between processing plants or between storage or transportation facilities, for pipe freeze protection, condensation prevention, viscosity control, or temperature maintenance.

Read "Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines: A ...

3 Environmental Processes, Behavior, and Toxicity of Diluted Bitumen. INTRODUCTION. This chapter is concerned with what happens to crude oil after it is released from a pipeline, and with the potential environmental and ecological consequences of that release.

Mobile Alabama: A Tar Sands Mecca in the Making | DeSmog

Sep 27, 2013 · It took a while for the Alabama public to understand that their state is being transformed into a tar sands Mecca. Proposals for rail and pipeline transport and tar sands storage facilities were first presented in 2010, and by 2012, most were rubber stamped with no public input. But in 2013, a handful of concerned citizens in the Mobile Bay Sierra Club and the newly formed Tar Sands Mobile ...

Alberta's Oil Sands Heat Up - MIT Technology Review

Oct 25, 2011 · Alberta's Oil Sands Heat Up. ... These forest-ringed facilities have traded shovels and enormous trucks for an extraction process that drills down hundreds of meters into solid ribbons of bitumen ...

Circulation Heaters in the Pipeline Industry - Wattco

Immersion heaters are essential to industries that manufacture, process, or heat products like food, oil, water and chemicals. It is particularly valuable in the oil pipeline injury. Industrial immersion heaters consist of tubular heating elements immersed in the target medium.

Mastic Coatings | Farwest Corrosion Control

Established in 1956, Farwest Corrosion Control Company is a world-class leader in cathodic protection and corrosion control related products, solutions and services. Our product range is extensive, as you will see in this website, and our services include a wide variety of cathodic protection engineering and installation offerings.

(PDF) Direct electrical heating of subsea pipelines ...

Direct electrical heating of subsea pipelines - Technology development and operating experience Conference Paper (PDF Available) · October 2005 with 2,709 Reads How we measure 'reads'

Pipeline Pump Seals - Flowserve

of pumps in pipeline services. 2 With a strong heritage of field-proven mechanical seals and systems, Flowserve is an established global brand for the complete range of pipeline pump applications. For over 70 years, Flowserve has been innovating, installing and servicing mechanical seals in pipeline pumps. Technologies and techniques have advanced